H Pylori What Is It? How To Test For H. Pylori

Although there are many bacteria and other microflora which reside in the digestive tract, there is only one known to live comfortably in the acidic area of the stomach and that is H pylori (Helicobacter pylori). Although many things have been learned in recent years about this particular bug there is still much to know and it intrigues both health professionals and scientists on many levels.

Not only has H Pylori now been attributed to causing some stomach and duodenal ulcers, but it is also implicated in a condition called gastric atrophy. This is where the cells lining the stomach can be paralyzed or be irreparably damaged causing the sufferer many digestive problems.

Although it used to be considered that high acidity of the gastric acid, usually together with stress, resulted in ulcers, H pylori is now thought to be the causative factor. However only a small proportion of people infected with the bacteria will actually develop ulcers and the largest proportion, around 80 per cent, will remain asymptomatic.

The reason this particular bacteria can survive in the acid environment of the stomach is that it releases a substance which neutralizes the acid around it and makes the environment conducive to survival. The bacteria also manage to avoid the acid because they bury into the walls of the stomach and literally hide away from it. The shape of the bacteria, which is known as helical, has a distinctly corkscrew appearance and it has been suggested that this shape has evolved over time to allow the bug to make the holes in the lining of its environment. It’s shape is literally a survival mechanism.

Although it is most commonly known for existing in the stomach, H pylori is also found in the duodenum or upper end of the digestive tract. This is the area of the intestine which is closest to the stomach and which also has a more acidic pH which is conducive to this resilient bacteria.

Because it is found in both the stomach and the duodenum and these are the areas where ulcers most commonly occur, then the relationship between illness and organism seems conclusive.

How To Test and Diagnose H Pylori

Because the symptoms of H pylori can be indicative of many other conditions patients can often suffer for long periods without testing being carried out. However this situation is more prevalent relating to digestive distress and gastric inflammation rather than ulcers because in the last few decades H pylori has been widely recognized as being responsible for this particular issue.

The most common test used is a blood assay but this method of diagnosis is open to being skewed by several mitigating factors including any recent antibiotic treatments. Unfortunately it is also unable to establish if an infestation of H pylori has also been cleared so often clinicians have to resort to other methods to establish if treatment has been successful.

Breath tests similar to those used in other bacterial infestations are commonly used to establish not only if H pylori is evident prior to treatment but also to establish if it has been eradicated.

Stool samples often return the most accurate results when it comes to non-invasive tests for H pylori. However the patient will be required to abstain from certain medications, foods and dietary supplements sometimes for as long as 2 weeks prior to the samples being taken.

Endoscopy is the most invasive test, and is often only used as a last resort. It is though extremely accurate. Most patients and their clinicians will however often only resort to this test when all other assays have failed to confirm H pylori infection and yet the patient is still symptomatic.

Preventing H pylori How to prevent from getting it

H pylori is present everywhere in the environment and the current school of thought recommends normal hygiene procedures such as washing hands before eating and after toileting. In unfamiliar environments again standard hygiene practices should be employed by avoiding using untreated water for drinking, washing food or brushing teeth.

H pylori is also known to be transferred via body fluids such as saliva. If you know you are infected or are aware someone else is, then refrain from exchanging fluids until the bacteria has been eradicated. It is also sensible in these circumstances to ensure that articles such as toothbrushes and other objects relating to personal hygiene are kept from coming into contact with others.

There are also several indications that our lifestyles may contribute to providing an environment which is conducive to H pylori. Although we now understand ulcers are not caused by high stomach acid, what we do know is that ulcers often exist in people who are emotionally stressed. Taking time out to eat in a relaxed manner, chewing food well, relaxing after a meal and avoiding being stressed out by our daily activities all appear to help our digestive tract produce the correct amount of acids and enzymes that it should – and which H pylori dislike.

Processed foods contain many compounds which either lack nutrition or contain ingredients which are conducive to the survival of pathogenic bacteria of all types. Eating more fresh, organic produce and ensuring it is washed and prepared properly all help in preventing and eradicating H pylori.

Taking more time out not only to eat food, but also to prepare food which is healthy, all combine to aid digestion and help ensure the environment of the stomach and digestive tract are places where H pylori simply don’t want to live.

Signs & Symptoms of Candida in Children

An unfortunate fact of life as parents is that it can often seem as if you spend the majority of your time watching for injuries and checking for illnesses. However, while you may know what the symptoms of strep throat, ear infections and sprained ankles are, it is equally important to learn about yeast infections and kids. In addition, although the use of recent antibiotics may increase the likelihood of a yeast infection occurring, a yeast infection can also occur without an obvious cause. As a result, it’s important for every concerned parent to be aware of the symptoms of yeast infections in their children.

What You Should Know About Your (Mostly) Healthy Kids and Symptoms of Yeast Infections

If you thought that the chances of your little one developing thrush disappeared when he or she graduated to the sippy cup, you may be surprised to learn that oral thrush is a problem for countless children each year. Although babies may not always need medication to treat it, it is a good idea to always speak to your pediatrician about appropriate recommendations.

In addition, boys and girls may develop a yeast infection after a course of antibiotics and if he or she suffers from asthma, they are also more likely to develop an oral yeast infection. The use of steroids and some inhalers are known to cause oral yeast infections, which are also known as thrush.

You should also remember that although yeast infections are commonly associated with their private parts, it can also appear under the arms, between fingers and toes, the folds of the neck, etc. If it seems itchy, raised, injured or otherwise unusual or has a discharge, it is best to speak with your pediatrician.

What You Can Do To Help Your Child Get Rid Of It

An interesting aspect of yeast infections is that since there are so many different types of yeast that can lead to the problem, there is not a single one-size-fits-all treatment option. For instance, if the yeast infection is appearing as thrush and your child has asthma, it will first be necessary to educate your child about appropriate ways to clean their mouth after using an inhaler or breathing treatment. Alternatively, improving their tooth-cleaning regimen may also be required.

With that in mind, an oral rinse to clean the yeast overgrowth is commonly prescribed. If the problem has occurred repeatedly or if it has shown up on more than one part of their body, blood tests may be necessary. In some cases, there is an underlying problem or a severe overgrowth of the yeast and continuing to treat the symptoms topically will only allow the problem to get worse.

Another aspect to remember when planning the care for your child’s yeast infection is that although antibiotics are not its only cause, it can certainly make the problem worse. As a result, pro-biotics are often a good idea since they encourage the functionality of your child’s immune system. That means that he or she will be more likely to recover without additional medication.

Another option is the use of anti-fungal medications. They can be applied over the area of skin that is showing the signs of yeast overgrowth or taken orally. In severe cases, or if your child has other health problems that could be further compromised from the yeast infection, your child might need to get anti-fungal medicines intravenously. It may also be useful to recommend two or more of those options.

A final option to consider is most applicable to parents of young children. If your child is still in diapers and you notice an unusual rash in that area, you should be aware of other facts. For example, a good rule of thumb is that if the rash is raised and does not diminish with the use of a diaper rash cream, it is frequently a yeast infection. Therefore, you should remember that the over-the-counter creams and pills marketed to women are not always appropriate for the more delicate skin of young children. Your doctor may suggest other creams that are safer, like the anti-fungal creams already mentioned for other body parts.

In conclusion, yeast infections are common in children, but could develop into bigger problems. When dealing with them for the first time or if they return repeatedly, it is important to speak with the pediatrician to be sure that the right treatments have been made.

References

http://www.healthline.com/health/parenting/toddler-yeast-infection#3
http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/yeast-infection.html
http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/y/candidiasis/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fja2spZAMYU
http://www.everydayhealth.com/asthma/asthma-thrush-link.aspx
http://www.ehow.com/facts_5539115_signs-symptoms-yeast-infection-children.html

Is it Candida Or Lyme Disease?

The symptoms of a yeast infection can often start out very subtly and by the time you realize how long your symptoms have lingered, it has already spread throughout your body. However, it is first important to verify that your symptoms are related to Candida overgrowth and not Lyme disease, which is also a big problem today.

Know What Candidas Looks Like

Candida is unique from many other health problems because its symptoms vary so much and even severe cases can manifest differently from one person to the next. Fortunately, it differs from Lyme disease and most symptoms are completely dissimilar.

Candida starts because the pH balance in your body has been disturbed. It could be due to the use of antibiotics, a diet heavy in sugar and carbohydrates or simply a long-standing yeast infection. If your prone to yeast infections or that your ears seem to itch more than they should, you could be dealing with a Candida overgrowth that is so bad it has literally infected most of your body, through your bloodstream.

One similarity that you may notice between Lyme disease and Candida is a rash. However, the rash from Candida is usually seen in the “hot spots” of the body, while the rash with Lyme disease appears around where the infected tick bit you. In addition, bloating, irritability and various skin problems, including eczema are often the fault of Candida overgrowth . If you constantly crave sweet, sugary foods, it could easily be the Candida in your body looking for additional nutrition.

When to Worry About Lyme Disease

It is first important to consider that Lyme disease starts when you are bitten by a tick that carries the disease. Although many people get it while they are deep in the woods on a camping trip, you can just as easily contract it in your back yard or from your dog that is carrying fleas and ticks. Roughly seven days after you are bitten, the tick would normally be going away.

If the tick carried Lyme disease, you will probably see a red area that starts to grow around where the bite was. It is important to note that about one in four people who contract Lyme disease do not show that rash.
Instead, the following symptoms are more likely to appear soon after contracting Lyme disease:

• Fever
• Headache
• Lack of energy

It is crucial that you do not delay being treated for your Lyme disease. If you do, the illness will typically become harder to treat and your symptoms will get worse. Issues like not being able to move the sides of your face, headaches that are almost overwhelming in intensity and even an irregular heartbeat are not unusual. At least one out of 10 people will deal with lingering symptoms of Lyme disease throughout their lifetime, even with prompt treatment.

In conclusion, Candida and Lyme disease are both serious health problems that negatively impact your health for long periods of time. Regardless, seek appropriate medical care and if you have symptoms of Candida, consider adding an appropriate diet and supplements to restore yourself to normal.

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